+50 Free History Books [PDF]
History is far from being that boring subject we saw in school. On the contrary, it is about the most important events on the planet. If you understand this, we wouldn’t be surprised if you were eager to learn about it and, of course, to explore our collection of human history books.
History represents the construction of the identity of peoples, countries, continents and the whole world. It is about looking at the past in order to better understand ourselves and learn from the events that impacted the collective. There is a famous phrase that says “Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it”, attributed to George Santayana. How can we learn from a mistake if we do not remember it? Memory is an essential factor for evolution.
History is precisely that, an attempt to preserve the memory of humanity. As you can see, it is no small thing. If you are a lover of this subject, our books on history in PDF format will fit you like a glove. Our selection consists of the following subtopics: World History, World War I, World War II, French Revolution, Russian Revolution, Mexican Revolution, Cold War, Industrial Revolution, Spanish Civil War, Roman history, Egyptian history, Greek history, U.S. history and much more.
Do you want to study the different civilizations of the planet? It is a very useful exercise, as it will allow you to understand much of your own behavior, as well as to broaden your cultural background. There is nothing better than being a person who masters different topics of life and history helps, like no other, to enlarge the spirit.
As you may know, if you wish to study history you will need quality support material to review. The records must be reliable and chronologically ordered. Instead of searching for scattered information, it is best to turn to one source that will provide you with everything. This is precisely what we do.
Through history, you can also learn a lot about yourself. You are living in a certain era, but much of what you are is inherited from other eras that, perhaps without you being aware of it, define you. It is important to look back and take the journey that defines part of your own history. This is what we invite you to do with the books on history that we offer you.
In terms of practical use, they will also be useful for study and research, if you have a university assignment. You will have a better chance of standing out from the rest of the students, since you will be handling unique information, beyond pre-assigned manuals. Plus, we promise you will want to continue exploring this topic after reading our books.
Dare to look at the reflection of history to learn important things about life. It will show you everything relevant to a deep understanding of humanity. It is not only about facts, places and moments, it is about a whole legacy that is available for you to know, without the need to have lived it yourself. Therein lies its magic and that of our history books in PDF format that will give you all that experience.
Books about History
Table of Contents
- Egyptian History Books
- Greek History Books
- Mexico History Books
- Roman History Books
- Spain History Books
- World History Books
- Cold War Books
- French Revolution Books
- Industrial Revolution Books
- World War I Books
- World War II Books
- Books about Nazism
- Books on the Conquest of the Americas
- Books on the Holocaust
1) Egyptian History Books
More than 3,000 years ago, the territory we now know as Egypt was home to one of the greatest civilizations in the history of humanity. The first inhabitants of Egypt settled on the banks of the Nile fleeing from the desert. These first natives, isolated and without close enemies, were ruled by «divine» beings who were followed by semi-heroic dynasties: «the descendants of Horus».
In the north, just in the area where the Nile delta is located, the kingdom of Lower Egypt was constituted, which was dedicated to agriculture and trade. Its distinctive feature was a red crown adorned with a cobra and its patron goddess was Wadjet (or Buto).
Further south settled the kingdom of Upper Egypt, which was devoted almost exclusively to livestock and was characterized by being more warlike than its neighbors. In this case, its distinctive feature was a white crown, tall and with the figure of a vulture and its main city was Nekhen.
2) Greek History Books
Ancient Greece was the cradle of Western progress. Its philosophy, theater, medicine, art, democracy and sports have influenced the culture of all of us and, even today, the history of Greece is perceived beneath our daily life and our world.
The first human settlements in Greece date back to the Middle Paleolithic, but the most abundant vestiges belong to the Neolithic, a period in which an agricultural and pastoral civilization developed, especially in Thessaly.
Since the Neolithic, the Greek peninsula has been culturally linked to the Aegean islands and the western coasts of Asia Minor. Its numerous natural harbors along the coasts and the large number of nearby islands have contributed to the development of a homogeneous maritime civilization. But their cultural homogeneity did not imply political homogeneity.
3) Mexico History Books
The History of Mexico includes the rise and fall of beautiful and great civilizations. As well as the clash and the mixture of the Spanish culture with the indigenous one, and a war of a revolutionary nature that would change the political aspect of the country, and would renew its cultural identity.
Mexico was a mixture of peoples when Europeans arrived in the region. During the 300 years of the viceroyalty of Spain in the Mexican territory, the country gradually became a homogeneous territory with common features. At the beginning of the 19th century, after the independence of the Spanish kingdom, the country began with an integration process that allowed it to reach present-day Mexico.
In the 19th century, internal disputes and wars took place, as well as several attempts at usurpation by foreign powers. In this period, Mexico lost approximately half of its territory. After this, the consolidation of the free and sovereign nation that is today began.
4) Roman History Books
The legend of the mythical foundation of Rome says that the city was founded by the brothers Romulus and Remus, sons of the god Mars and the princess Rhea Silvia, queen of Alba Longa. They were abandoned in the Tiber River to save them from their uncle Amulius, who aspired to the throne of the city. They were rescued by a she-wolf, the Capitoline Wolf, who nursed them, and later they were raised by shepherds.
The diverse theories are based on the information of ancient authors and on the different types of archaeological finds found in Rome. For these reasons, this initial stage of Rome’s history has been placed more in the realm of legend than history.
Possibly, the first inhabitants of Rome came from different places and had neither the economic nor the cultural development of their neighbors to the north, the Etruscans, nor to the south, the Sabines and the Latins.
5) Spain History Books
The History of Spain ranges from prehistory to the present day. Approximately 1.2 million years ago the first hominids arrived in Spanish territory. These were followed by species such as Homo antecessor and Homo neanderthalensis; Homo sapiens arrived about 35,000 years ago.
The region currently occupied by Spain, has been the center of attention of some of the most important empires in the world: the Romans and the Carthaginians fought for it, the Arabs managed to conquer it, and then the Christian kings began what came to become the largest empire on the planet, when they discovered America.
With the conquest of America, the Spanish Empire was born, under a single King Felipe II. During this reign the country was involved in various conflicts with foreign powers.
Spain was also under the yoke of the dictator Franco who with his death gave way again, to the already traditional Spanish monarchy.
6) World History Books
World history is the compilation of facts and situations that have developed around the context of the human being, from the appearance of humans to the present day.
The origin of the term world history derives from the Greek ἱστορία, which means “inquiry”, and from the Old English weorold, which means roughly «age of man».
The main objective of World History is to present, in a chronological and organized manner, what have been the most important events in the history of humankind and its development, dividing into periods the most outstanding and significant moments of humanity, which according to researchers mark a before and after in history.
7) Cold War Books
The Cold War was a political and ideological confrontation that developed after World War II, in which the United States and the Soviet Union faced each other for the political and economic hegemony of the world.
The Cold War began shortly after the end of World War II in 1945, and ended with the end of the Soviet Union in 1991 after the economic crisis that resulted from the large acquisition of armaments and the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
The disagreement in the division of Germany among the victorious powers of World War II caused the split of the Western world into two blocs: a communist one led by the USSR, and a capitalist one dominated by the United States. Both blocs maintained a tense relationship that threatened the unleashing of a third great conflict.
8) French Revolution Books
The France of 1799 was totally different from that of 1789. In barely a decade, the Revolution had created a completely new state. From an absolutist monarchy it had become a republic. There were no longer subjects, but citizens. Society, previously led by the aristocracy and the clergy, now had the bourgeoisie as its main driving force.
The French Revolution spread throughout the world the ideals of liberty and fraternity, as well as that of popular sovereignty; and spread, primarily, the knowledge of the fundamental rights of man and citizen.
If you want to know more about this historical process that marked the future of humanity, we invite you to visit our selection of books about the French Revolution in PDF format.
9) Industrial Revolution Books
The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain and then spread to the rest of Europe. The existing economy before the industrial revolution was based on the agrarian and artisan world; three quarters of the population subsisted on agricultural work. It was mainly based on self-consumption and not on the commercialization of the products obtained, since productivity was also very low.
With the industrial revolution, industry and manufacturing activities replaced manual labor. This led to the mechanization of many production processes and the elimination of many jobs, since these tasks were now carried out by machines.
Initially, the Industrial Revolution brought about a radical change in all areas of society. The industrial and mining development, the increase in productivity, the growth of cities and the improvement of national and international trade will contribute to a great demographic growth due to the increase in the birth rate and life expectancy.
10) World War I Books
World War I marked the first major international conflict of the 20th century. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, and his wife, Archduchess Sophie, in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, kicked off hostilities, which began in August 1914 and continued on several fronts over the next four years.
The fighting took place mostly in Europe, but countries on five continents participated, including the United States, Australia, Brazil and China.
There are no official records, but it is estimated that around 9 million soldiers and more than 7 million civilians were killed. The number of casualties was much higher than in previous wars, partly because of technological advances in warfare.
11) World War II Books
World War II was the deadliest conflict in history. Millions of people, both soldiers and civilians, died in the various battles that took place during the six years it lasted.
Despite the controversies, historians agree in pointing out several factors of particular importance: the permanence of unresolved conflicts from the World War I, the serious economic difficulties in the immediate post-war period and after the crash of 1929 and the crisis and weakening of the liberal system; all this contributed to the development of new totalitarian currents and the establishment of fascist regimes in Italy and Germany, whose aggressive expansionist policy would be the trigger for the war.
In the development of World War II three phases are usually distinguished: the «blitzkrieg» (from 1939 to May 1941), the «total war» (1941-1943) and the defeat of the Axis (from July 1943 to 1945).
12) Books about Nazism
Nazism or also called National Socialism was a political ideology that emerged in Germany during the 20th century and whose main leader was Adolf Hitler, who ruled the country from 1933 to 1945. This fascist movement was created after World War I, at a time when this ideology was gaining strength in some European countries.
The German defeat in World War I left the country with large economic debts and deteriorated morale. The solid and nationalistic proposal created a possible way out of the crisis, which for Germany was the main motivation.
Officially, on January 28, 1933, Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist Party, was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Thus began the implementation of one of the ideologies that has caused the greatest loss of life in the history of the 20th century.
13) Books on the Conquest of the Americas
The conquest of the Americas was a process by which the great European powers, mainly Spain and Portugal, explored and conquered the American territory from the end of the 15th century and throughout the 16th century. The objective of this campaign was to expand the European territories, their trade, economy and evangelization.
The economic ambitions of the European metropolis and the search for gold led Christopher Columbus to undertake a voyage across the ocean with three ships: The Santa María, the Niña and the Pinta. On October 12, 1492, Columbus disembarked with his crew in America, believing he had reached Asia.
If you want to know everything about this historical fact, we invite you to visit our selection of books about the Conquest of the Americas in PDF format.
14) Books on the Holocaust
The Holocaust was the mass murder of millions of people by the Nazi regime during World War II, which took place between 1939 and 1945. The Jewish population was the main target of the Nazis, and it is estimated that 2 out of every 3 European Jews died during this extermination campaign.
The Nazi party was founded on the ideological basis that people were determined by their race, and as such, there were superior and inferior races. The Aryan race was considered the ‘master race’, while Jews were seen as ‘inferior’.
The Holocaust was the largest known case of genocide in history. It was not the result of a sporadic or uncontrolled outburst of passion, the outcome of the brutality inherent in all warfare. Nor was it a merely brutal massacre of defeated enemies and civilians after combat. It was a true program of ideologically motivated genocide, deliberately planned and effectively executed with all the resources of a modern industrial state and an advanced society.
So, here ends our selection of free books about History. We hope you liked it and that you already have your next book!
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